Chili peppers, despite their fiery hotness, are one of the very popular spices known for their medicinal and health benefiting properties. The chili, actually, is a fruit pod from the plant belonging to the nightshade family (Solanaceae), within the genus, capsicum.
Chili plant is a small, perennial shrub with woody stem, growing up to a meter in height. It is native to Central American region where it employed as one the chief spice ingredients in Mexican cuisine for centuries. Later, it was introduced to the rest of the world by Spanish and Portuguese explorers during the 16th and 17th centuries. Today chili pepper is grown widely in many parts of the world as an important commercial crop and Ghana is not an exception.
Current Productions of Chili peppers have always been part of Ghana’s agriculture and diet. Chili peppers require sunny, semi-tropic or tropical conditions and Chili peppers require sunny, semi-tropic or tropical conditions and an annual rainfall of between 600mm and 1,250mm. Chili peppers have a relatively quick growing and harvesting period of 3 to 4 months in Ghana and are generally grown by local farmers during the rainy season.